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Chemical DPC

Damp proofing 

When a wall is built in contact with the ground, the soil, which normally has a high moisture content, will cause it to become wet. The drying action of the air on the upper parts of the wall then causes the wall to act as a wick, pulling water up through the mortar and bricks by capillarity. The height to which dampness rises in any particular wall depends on wall construction, thickness, surface coatings, temperature and the height of the water table. It rarely exceeds one metre above ground level, as the force of gravity then starts to exceed capillarity.

Signs of rising damp include a "tide-mark" on the wall above skirting boards, peeling wallpaper, mould growth and white, fluffy efflorescent salts which have been drawn out of the brickwork by the passage of water.

The problem of rising damp is usually solved by repairing the existing  damp course or installing a new one. Most commonly this is done by drilling holes in a band around the affected wall and injecting a Chemical damp-proof  fluid which stops capillary movement of water up the wall. Some internal plasterwork often needs to be removed and replaced before redecoration can take place.